Monthly Archives: July 2012

Sources for The Creation of Anne Boleyn

A quick note: British History Online was used to access a number of primary sources, such as The Letters and Papers, Foreign and Domestic, Henry VIII; The Calendar of State Papers, Spain; Calendar of State Papers Relating to English Affairs in the Archives of Venice; and etc.

Adam’s Rib. Directed by George Cukor. Performed by Spencer Tracy, Katharine Hepburn, Judy Holliday. 1949.

The Adventures of Robin Hood. Directed by Michael Curtiz. Performed by Olivia de Haviland, Basil Rathbone Errol Flynn. 1938.

Alexander, Barb. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., 24 October 2011.

Alexander, Victoria. “Film Reviews: The Other Boleyn Girl.” Films in Review. February 29, 2008. http://www.filmsinreview.com/2008/02/29/the-other-boleyn-girl/ (accessed March 25, 2012).

Alice Doesn’t Live Here Anymore. Directed by Martin Scorsese. Performed by Kris Kristofferson, Mia Bendixsen Ellen Burstyn. 1974.

“Alison Weir, Arguing The Case For Anne Boleyn.” npr books. January 24, 2010. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=122872854 (accessed March 25, 2012).

Allen, Vanessa. “Women turn history into a bizarre soap opera, says Starkey.” Mail Online. March 31, 2009. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1166125/Women-turn-history-bizarre-soap-opera-says-Starkey.html (accessed March 15, 2012).

Ally McBeal. Directed by Mel Damski, et al. Performed by Calista Flockhart, Greg Germann, and Jane Krakowski. 1997-2002.

America’s Next Top Model. Directed by Tony Croll, et al. Performed by Tyra Banks, Jay Manuel, Nigel Barker. 2003-2012.

Anderson, Maxwell. Anne of the Thousand Days. New York: Dramatists Play Service, INC., 1977.

Anna Boleyn. Directed by Ernst Lubitsch. Performed by Henny Porten, Emil Jannings, Paul Hartmann. 1920.

Anne of the Thousand Days. Directed by Charles Jarrott. Performed by Genevieve Bujold and Richard Burton. 1969.

Anonymous. Directed by Roland Emmerich. Performed by Rhys Ifans, Vanessa Redgrave, and David Thewlis. 2011.

Argov, Sherry. Why Men Love Bitches: From Doormat to Dreamgirl – A Woman’s Guide to Holding Her Own in a Relationship. 6th. Avon: Adams Media, 2002.

Atkinson, Brooks. “Anne and Henry: Maxwell Anderson Chronicles a Stormy Love Affair in a Historical Play.” The New York Times, December 19, 1948.

Armstrong, Jessie. My Friend Anne: A Story of the Sixteenth Century. London: F. Warne, 1935.

Aulnoy, Madame d’. The Novels of Elizabeth, Queen of England: Containing the History of Queen Ann of Bullen. London: Printed for Mark Pardoe, 1680-1681.

Austen, Jane. The History of England: By a partial, prejudiced, & ignorant Hitorian (Note: There will be very few Dates in this History). Chapel Hill: Algonquin Books of Chapel Hill, 1993.

The Bachelor. Directed by et al Ken Fuchs. Performed by Brad Womack, and Ali Fedotowsky Chris Harrison. 2002-2012.

Bailey, Alyssa. “I might have a third nipple.” Girl’s Life. December 7, 2010. http://www.girlslife.com/post/2010/12/07/I-might-have-a-third-nipple.aspx?cp=all (accessed February 20, 2012).

Baker, Karissa. Interview by author and Natalie Sweet, email, Lexington, Ky., April 2011.

Banks, John. Vertue Betray’d: or Anna Bullen. Los Angeles: The Augustan Reprint Society, 1981.

Barefoot in the Park. Directed by Gene Saks. Performed by Robert Redford, Jane Fonda, Charles Boyer. 1967.

Barnes, Margaret Campbell. Brief Gaudy Hour: A Novel of Anne Boleyn. Naperville: Sourcebooks, Inc., 2008.

Barrington, E. Anne Boleyn. Garden City: Doubleday, Doran & Company, Inc., 1934.

Becket. Directed by Peter Glenville. Performed by Richard Burton, Peter O’Toole, John Gielgud. 1964.

Bellafante, Gina. “Nasty, but Not So Brutish and Short.” The New York Times. March 28, 2008. http://tv.nytimes.com/2008/03/28/arts/television/28tudo.html?_r=1 (accessed January 15, 2012).

Benger, Elizabeth. Memoirs of the Life of Anne Boleyn, Queen of Henry VIII. London: A. & R. Spottiswoode, 1821.

Bennet, Eve Tavor. “”Secret History”: Or, Talebearing Inside and Outside the Secretorie.” Huntington Library Quarterly 68, no. 1-2 (March 2005): 375-396.

Bennett, Vanora. “Dreamer or schemer? Step forward the real Anne Boleyn.” Mail Online. March 3, 2012. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/home/you/article-2108838/Dreamer-schemer-Step-forward-real-Anne-Boleyn.html (accessed March 25, 2012).

Bermingham, Ciaran. “Anne Boleyn.” Morning Star. July 27, 2011. http://www.morningstaronline.co.uk/news/content/view/full/107553 (accessed March 25, 2012).

Bernard, G.W. Anne Boleyn: Fatal Attractions. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2010.

—.”Anne Boleyn’s Religion.” The Historical Journal 36, no. 1 (March 1993): 1-20.

—.”The Fall of Anne Boleyn.” The English Historical Review 106, no. 420 (July 1991): 584-610.

—.”The Fall of Anne Boleyn: A Rejoinder.” The English Historical Review 107, no. 424 (1992): 665-674.

—.The King’s Reformation: Henry VIII and the Remaking of the English Church. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2007.

Beverly Hills, 90210. Directed by Daniel Attias, et al. Performed by Jason Priestley, Shannen Doherty, and Luke Perry. 1990-2000.

Billington, Michael. “Anne Boleyn.” The Guardian. July 29, 2010. http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2010/jul/29/anne-boleyn-review (accessed March 25, 2012).

Blessington, Marguerite. The Book of Beauty, or, Regal Gallery. London: D. Bogue, 1848.

Bloom, Allan. Closing of the American Mind: How Higher Education has Failed Democracy and Impoverished the Souls of Today’s Students. New York: Simon & Schuster Inc., 1987.

Boker, George H. Anne Boleyn, A Tragedy. Philadelphia: A. Hart, 1850.

Bonnie and Clyde. Directed by Arthur Penn. Performed by Warren Beatty, Faye Dunaway, and Michael J. Pollard. 1967.

Booth, Sue. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., 24 October 2011.

Bordo, Susan. The Flight to Objectivity: Essays on Cartesianism and Culture. Albany: State University of New York Press, 1987.

—.and Natalie Sweet. The Creation of Anne Boleyn. Facebook. 2011-2012.

Borman, Tracy. Elizabeth’s Women: Friends, Rivals, and Foes Who Shaped the Virgin Queen. New York: Bantam Books, 2009.

Bradley, Mary Hastings. The Favor of Kings. New York and London: D. Appleton and Company, 1912.

Brand, Madeleine. “‘The Tudors’ Battles with the Truth.” Day to Day (NPR), March 28, 2008.

Brenton, Howard. Anne Boleyn. London: Nick Hern Books, 2010.

—.Interview by author, London, England, July 30, 2010.

Brideshead Revisited. Directed by Michael Lindsay-Hogg Charles Sturridge. Performed by Jeremy Irons, Diana Quick, and Roger Milner. 1981.

British History Online. n.d. http://www.british-history.ac.uk/ (accessed February 13, 2012).

Brown, Tina. The Diana Chronicles . New York: Broadway Books, 2007.

Bryson, Sarah. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., October 2011.

Bujold, Genevieve. Interview by author, telephone, Lexington, Ky., 21 June 2010.

Burstein, Miriam Elizabeth. “The Fictional Afterlife of Anne Boleyn: How to Do Things with the Queen, 1901-2006.” CLIO 37 (2007).

—.The Reduced Pretensions of the Historic Muse”: Agnes Strickland and the Commerce of Women’s History.” The Journal of Narrative Technique 28, no. 3 (Fall 1998): 219-242.

Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. Directed by George Roy Hill. Performed by Paul Newman, Robert Redford, and Katharine Ross. 1969.

Byrne, M. St. Clare. Editor. The Letters of King Henry VIII: A Selection, with a few other             Documents. New York: Funk & Wagnalls, 1968.

BBC Two. “Production Notes.” The Other Boleyn Girl.

Broadbent, Giles. “Review: Anne Boleyn, Shakespeare’s Globe.” The Wharf. August 4, 2010. http://www.wharf.co.uk/2010/08/review-anne-boleyn-shakespeare.html      (accessed March 15, 2012).

Burr, Ty. “‘Boleyn Girl’ is a royal pity.” boston.com. February 29, 2008. http://articles.boston.com/2008-02-29/ae/29274755_1_boleyn-sisters-boleyn-girl-justin-chadwick (accessed March 25, 2012).

Bush, Annie Forbes. Memoirs of the Queens of France. Philadelphia: A. Hart, late Carey & Hart, 1851.

Anne of the Thousand Days. Directed by Charles Jarrott. Performed by Richard Burton, Geneviève Bujold and Irene Papas. 1969.

Callcott, Lady. Little Arthur’s History of England. London: John Murray, 1856.

Camelot. Directed by Joshua Logan. Performed by Richard Harris, Vanessa Redgrave, and Franco Nero. 1967.

Canby, Vincent. “Anne of the Thousand Days (1969).” The New York Times. January 21, 1970. http://movies.nytimes.com/movie/review?res=9907EFDA1F39EF34BC4951DFB766838B669EDE (accessed February 17, 2012).

Capellanus, Andreas. The Art of Courtly Love. Translated by John Jay Parry. New York: Columbia University Press, 1960.

Carbone, Gina. “‘Other Boleyn Girl’: It’s a bust.” Seacoast Online. March 1, 2008. http://www.seacoastonline.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080301/ENTERTAIN04/80301008&nocache=1 (accessed March 30, 2012).

Carley, James P. The Books of King Henry VIII and his Wives. London: The British Library, 2004.

Casablanca. Directed by Michael Curtiz. Performed by Humphrey Bogart, Ingrid Bergman, and Paul Henreid. 1942.

Case, Makenzie. Interview by author and Natalie Sweet, email, Lexington, Ky., April 2011.

Castiglione, Baldessarre. The Book of the Courtier. Translated by Leonard Eckstein Opdycke. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1903.

Castiglione, Count Baldesar. The Book of the Courtier. Translated by Leonard Eckstein Opdycke. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1901.

Cavendish, George. The Life and Death of Cardinal Wolsey. Boston and New York: Houghton Mifflin and Company, 1905.

Cholakian, Patricia F., and Rouben C. Cholakian. Marguerite de Navarre: Mother of the Renaissance. New York: Columbia University Press, 2006.

“Cinema: The Lion in Autumn.” Time. February 2, 1970. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,878191,00.html (accessed March 15, 2012).

Clapp, Susannah. “Anne Boleyn; Danton’s Death; The Prince of Homburg.” The Guardian. July 31, 2010. http://www.guardian.co.uk/stage/2010/aug/01/anne-boleyn-danton-death-prince-homberg (accessed March 25, 2012).

Clement, Cate. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., 2011.

Cohen, Alex. “‘The Tudors’ Battles with the Truth.” NPR. March 28, 2008. http://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=89182466 (accessed February 15, 2012).

Compton, Sara. Interview by author and Natalie Sweet, email, Lexington, Ky., April 2011.

Connor, Steven. The Book of Skin. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2004.

“Corpus Christi (Toledo, Toledo).” Castilla-La Mancha. n.d. http://www.visitclm.com/arte-cultura/fiestas/toledo/corpus-christi/ (accessed April 9, 2009).

Cox, Ted. “History goes down easy on Showtime: ‘The Tudors’ sees Henry VIII as a royal Tony Soprano.” The Daily Herald, March 29, 2007: Page 1, Section 4.

Cox, Tom. “These Tudors are all sex and soundbites.” The Mail on Sunday, April 24, 2011.

Cressy, David. Birth, Marriage & Death: Ritual, Religion, and the Life-Cycle in Tudor and Stuart England. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2002.

Crowley, Jessica. Interview by author and Natalie Sweet, email, Lexington, Ky., April 2011.

Dallas. Directed by et al Leonard Katzman. Performed by Ken Kercheval, and Patrick Duffy Larry Hagman. 1978-1991.

Daneau, Lambert. A Dialogue of Witches in foretime commonly called Sorcerers. English Translation. Rev. EP, 1575.

Danger UXB. Directed by et al Ferdinand Fairfax. Performed by Maurice Roëves, and George Innes Anthony Andrews. 1979.

Dargis, Manohla. “Rival Sisters Duke It Out for the Passion of a King.” The New York Times. February 29, 2008. http://movies.nytimes.com/2008/02/29/movies/29bole.html (accessed March 25, 2012).

Das, Lina. “How horrible can Henry get? It’s the last ever series of historical romp The Tudors, and the King’s at his ghastly worst.” Mail Online. January 28, 2011. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-1351379/How-horrible-Henry-Its-series-historical-romp-The-Tudors-Kings-ghastly-worst.html (accessed January 15, 2012).

—. “Lie back and think of Olde England! Is this TV’s sexiest historical romp?” Mail Online. September 7, 2007. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/tvshowbiz/reviews/article-480475/Lie-think-Olde-England-Is-TVs-sexiest-historical-romp.html (accessed January 15, 2012).

d’Aubigné, Jean Henri Merle. History of the Reformation in Europe in the Time of Calvin. Vol. V. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1869.

d’Aulnoy, Marie-Catherine. The novels of Elizabeth, Queen of England containing the history of Queen Ann of Bullen. London: Mark Pardoe, 1680.

Dawson’s Creek. Directed by et al Gregory Prange. Performed by James Van Der Beek, Katie Holmes, and Michelle Williams. 1998-2003.

de Carles, Lancelot. “Poèm Sur La Mort D’Anne Boleyn, par Lancelot de Carles.” In La Grande-Bretagne Devant L’opinion Française au XVIIe siècl, by Georges Ascoli. Paris: J. Gamber, 1927.

de Navarre, Marguerite. Selected Writings: A Bilingual Edition. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2008.

Deggans, Eric. “Meet Henry VIII, rock star.” Tampa Bay Times. March 31, 2007. http://www.sptimes.com/2007/03/31/news_pf/Floridian/Meet_Henry_VIII__rock.shtml (accessed February 15, 2012).

Denby, David. Snark: It’s Mean, It’s Personal, and It’s Ruining Our Conversation. New York: Simon & Schuster, 2009.

Denny, Joanna. Anne Boleyn: A New Life of England’s Tragic Queen. Philadelphia: Da Capo Press, 2007.

Desperate Housewives. Directed by David Grossman, et al. Performed by Teri Hatcher, Felicity Huffman, and Marcia Cross. 2004-2012.

Dexter. Directed by John Dahl, et al. Performed by Michael C. Hall, Jennifer Carpenter, and Lauren Vélez. 2006-2012.

Dickens, Charles. A Child’s History of England: England from the Reign of Henry the Seventh to the Revolution of 1688. London: Bradbury and Evans, 1854.

Dixon, William H. History of Two Queens: I. Catherine of Aragon. II. Anne Boleyn. Leipzig: Bernhard, 1874.

Donizetti, Gaetano. Anne Boleyn; Opera in 2 Acts and 6 Scenes. Translated by Chester Kallman. New York: G. Ricordi, 1959.

Dormer, Natalie. Interview by author, Richmond Upon Thames, England, 31 July 2010.

Dostoevsky, Fyodor. The Idiot. MobileReference, 2008.

Douglas, Susan J. “Where Have You Gone, Roseanne Barr?” The Shriver Report. October 2009. http://www.shriverreport.com/awn/media.php (accessed March 25, 2012).

Dowell, Ben. “Anne Boleyn.” The Stage Reviews. July 29, 2010. http://www.thestage.co.uk/reviews/review.php/29073/anne-boleyn (accessed March 25, 2012).

Drew, Reginald. Anne Boleyn. Boston: Sherman, French & Company, 1912.

Driscoll, Rob. “The Movies: Sister Act.” Western Mail, March 7, 2008: 14.

Dugdale, John. “What The Tudors has taught us.” The Guardian. April 1, 2011. http://www.guardian.co.uk/tv-and-radio/tvandradioblog/2011/apr/01/the-tudors-history-revelations (accessed March 26, 2012).

Dunlop, Scott. Creator. The Real Housewives of Atlanta. Seasons 1-3, 2008-2010.

—.The Real Housewives of Orange County. Season 1, 2006.

Dynasty. Directed by Irving J. Moore, et al. Performed by Linda Evans, Joan Collins, and John Forsythe. 1981-1989.

Eades, Mark. “Producer gets real about the real housewives.” The Orange County Register. January 10, 2007. http://www.ocregister.com/news/people-180668-think-coto.html (accessed March 15, 2012).

Eakins, Lara. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., 25 November 2011.

Easy Rider. Directed by Dennis Hopper. Performed by Peter Fonda, Dennis Hopper, Jack Nicholson. 1969.

Elizabeth. Directed by Shekhar Kapur. Performed by Cate Blanchett, Geoffrey Rush, and Christopher Eccleston. 1998.

Elizabeth R. Directed by Roderick Graham. Performed by Glenda Jackson, Ronald Hines, and Stephen Murray. 1971.

Ellis, Henry. Original Letters, Illustrative of English History; Including Numerous Royal Letters: From Autographs in teh British Museum, and One or Two Other Collections. With Notes and Illustrations. Vol. II. London: Harding, Triphook, and Lepard, 1824.

Elton, Geoffrey Rudolph. England Under the Tudors. London: Methuen, 1977.

Elyot, Thomas. The Defence of Good Women. London: In aedibus T. Bertheleti, 1545.

Emerson, Jim. “Chicago Sun Times.” The Other Boleyn Girl: Catfight in the House of Tudor. February 29, 2008. http://rogerebert.suntimes.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080228/REVIEWS/52204881&template=printart (accessed March 15, 2012).

Erasmus, Desiderius. “The Praise of Folly.” In Readings in Western Religious Thoughs: II The Middle Ages Through the Reformation, by Patrick V. Reid, 283-297. Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1995.

–.The Education of a Christian Prince with the panegyric for Archduke Philip of Austria. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003.

Erickson, Carolly. The Favored Queen. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2011.

—. Great Harry. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 1980.

Farmer, Lydia Hoyt. The Girls’ Book of Famous Queens. New York: Thomas Y. Crowell & Co., 1887.

Fatal Attraction. Directed by Adrian Lyne. Performed by Michael Douglas, Glenn Close, and Anne Archer. 1987.

Father of the Bride. Directed by Vincente Minnelli. Performed by Spencer Tracy, Joan Bennett, Elizabeth Taylor. 1950.

Fielding, Helen. Bridget Jones’s Diary. New York: Penguin Books, 1996.

Fienberg, Daniel. “Review: ‘The Tudors’ on Showtime.” Zap 2 it. March 30, 2007. http://blog.zap2it.com/frominsidethebox/2007/03/review-the-tudors-on-showtime.html (accessed January 15, 2012).

Fish, Simon. A Supplication for the Beggars. Edited by Edward Arber. London, 1529.

Flynn, Gaynor. “Natalie Portman The Other Boleyn Girl Interview.” girl.com.au. n.d. http://www.girl.com.au/natalie-portman-the-other-boleyn-girl-interview.htm (accessed March 1, 2012).

Forester, Frank. Frank Forester’s Fish and Fishing in the United States and British Provinces of North America. New York: Arno, 1970.

The Forsyte Saga . Directed by James Cellan Jones, David Giles. Performed by Margaret Tyzack, Nyree Dawn Porter, and Eric Porter. 1967.

Foxe, John. The Acts and Monuments of John Foxe. The Church Historians of England. Vol. V. London: Beeleys, 1857.

France, Anne of. Anne of France: Lessons for my Daughter. Edited by Sharon L. Jansen. Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 2004.

Fraser, Antonia. The Six Wives of Henry VIII. London: Mandarin, 1993.

Freeman, Thomas S. “Research, Rumour and Propaganda: Anne Boleyn in Foxe’s ‘Book of Martyrs’.” The Historical Journal 38, no. 4 (1995): 797-819.

Friedmann, Paul. Anne Boleyn: A Chapter of English History 1527-1536. Vol. II. London: MacMillan and Co., 1884.

—. Anne Boleyn: A Chapter of English History 1527-1536. Vol. II. London: MacMillan and Co., 1884.

Frost/Nixon. Directed by Ron Howard. Performed by Frank Langella, Michael Sheen, and Kevin Bacon. 2008.

Froude, James A. The Divorce of Catherine of Aragon: The Story as Told by the Imperial Ambassadors Resident at the Court of Henry VIII. London: Longmans, Green and Co., 1891.

—. The Divorce of Catherine of Aragon: The Story as Told by the Imperial Ambassadors Resident at the Court of Henry VIII. London: Longmans, Green, and Co., 1891.

Fulkerson, Perry. “Henry VIII: Who Needs Wives?” The Evening Independent, November 5, 1973: 10-B.

Gairdner, James. The Reign of Henry VIII from His Accession to the Death of Wolsey, Volume II. London: John Murray, 1884.

Gardiner, S.R. English History for Schools B.C. 55- A.D. 1880. New York: Henry Holt And Company, 1881.

Gardner, Laurien. A Lady Raised High: A Novel of Anne Boleyn. New York: Berkley Publishing Group, 2006.

Gavin, Nell. Threads: The Reincarnation of Anne Boleyn. Book and Quill Press, 2001.

George, Margaret. The Autobiography of Henry VIII: With Notes by His Fool, Will Somers. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 1986.

–. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., 15 August 2011.

Gilbert, Gerard. “Golden girl: How Natalie Dormer became the new queen of the screen.” The Independent. September 17, 2011. http://www.independent.co.uk/news/people/profiles/golden-girl-how-natalie-dormer-became-the-new-queen-of-the-screen-2354626.html (accessed January 15, 2012).

Goldsmith, Oliver. The History of England, From the Earliest Times to the Death of George II. Vol. II. London: T. Davies, 1771.

Gomez, Cris. Interview by author and Natalie Sweet, email, Lexington, Ky., April 2011.

Goodman, Irene. “Why Anne Boleyn is the Poster Girl of Historical Fiction.” The Historical Novel Society. November 2005. http://www.historicalnovelsociety.org/solander/anne_boleyn.htm (accessed February 1, 2012).

The Graduate. Directed by Mike Nichols. Performed by Dustin Hoffman, Anne Bancroft, and Katharine Ross. 1967.

Greco, Albert N. The Book Publishing Industry. Mahwah: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc., 2004.

Gregory, Philippa. “Book World Live: Historical Novelist Philippa Gregory.” The Washington Post. October 9, 2008. http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/discussion/2008/10/02/DI2008100202254.html (accessed April 13, 2012).

Gregory, Philippa. “Historic Passion Born a Writer: Forged as a Historian.” History Workshop Journal, no. 59 (2005): 237-242.

—. “KING SIZE! As Jonathan Rhys Meyers Returns to Our Screens in the Tudors, Research   Shows That the Real Henry VIII Had a 52in Waist and Paid a High Price for Being a        Rotund Royal.” The Daily Mail. April 10, 2009, p. 13.

—. The Other Boleyn Girl. New York: Pocket Star Books, 2007.

—. The Other Boleyn Girl. New York: Touchstone, 2003.

—. “The Other Boleyn Girl: History in the making.” The Telegraph. February 23, 2008. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/film/3671391/The-Other-Boleyn-Girl-History-in-the-making.html (accessed March 25, 2008).

—.Philippa Gregory Official Website. http://www.philippagregory.com/ (Accessed 2011)

—. “What happened when the retiring author of The Other Boleyn Girl collided with greddy Hollywood?” Mail Online. February 23, 2008. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/femail/article-517758/What-happened-retiring-author-The-Other-Boleyn-Girl-collided-greedy-Hollywood.html (accessed March 25, 2012).

Grueninger, Natalie. On the Tudor Trail. http://onthetudortrail.com/Blog/ (accessed March                    15, 2012).

La Guerre est Finie. Directed by Alain Resnais. Performed by Yves Montand, Ingrid Thulin, and Geneviève Bujold. 1966.

Guy, John. “Why The Tudors is hilarious historical bunk.” The Telegraph. August 1, 2008. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/3557583/Why-The-Tudors-is-hilarious-historical-bunk.html (accessed January 15, 2012).

Hackett, Francis. Anne Boleyn. New York: Popular Library, 1939.

—. Henry the Eighth: The Personal History of A Dynasty and His Six Wives. New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation, 1945.

Hall, Brittani. Interview by author and Natalie Sweet, email, Lexington, Ky., April 2011.

The Hand that Rocks the Cradle. Directed by Curtis Hanson. Performed by Annabella Sciorra, Rebecca De Mornay, and Matt McCoy. 1992.

Harmetz, Aljean. “How to Win an Oscar Nomination, From ‘Anne’ to ‘Z’.” The New York Times, April 5, 1970.

Hanks, Robert. “Peter Morgan: Drama King.” The Independent, February 24, 2007.

Hart, Kelly. The Mistresses of Henry VIII. Charleston: The History Press, 2011.

Henry VIII . Directed by Pete Travis. Performed by Ray Winstone, Joss Ackland, and Sid Mitchell. 2003.

“Henry VIII reveals his softer side in never-before-seen gushing love letter to Anne Boleyn.” Mail Online. February 14, 2009. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1145429/Henry-VIII-reveals-softer-seen-gushing-love-letter-Anne-Boleyn.html (accessed February 15, 2012).

Herbert, Henry W. Memoirs of Henry VIII of England: With the Fotunes, Fates, and Characters of His Six Wives. New York and Auburn: Miller, Orton & Mulligan, 1856.

Herbst, Susan. Rude Democracy: Civility and Incivility in American Politics. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 2010.

Hester, Nathalie. “Travel and the Art of Telling the Truth: Marie-Catherine d’Aulnoy’s Travels to Spain.” Huntington Library Quarterly 70, no. 1 (March 2007): 87-102.

Highley, Christopher. “”A Pestilent and Seditious Book”: Nicholas Sander’s Schismatis Anglicani and Catholic Histories.” In The Uses of History in Early Modern England, edited by Paulina Kewes. San Marino: Henry E. Huntington Library and Art Gallery, 2006.

Hirst, Michael. Interview by author, telephone, Lexington, Ky., 28 April 2011.

–.The Tudors: It’s Good to Be King – Final shooting scripts 1-5 for The Tudors from Showtime Network, Inc. New York: Simon Spotlight Entertainment, 2007.

Hohenadel, Kristin. “The King Goes A-courting.” Sun Sentinel. April 1, 2007. http://articles.sun-sentinel.com/2007-04-01/news/0703280572_1_tudors-rhys-meyers-henry-s-father/2 (accessed January 15, 2012).

—. “He’s Henry the Eighth, he is.” The Sunday Times, April 8, 2007.

Holleran, Scott. “Close-Up: Actress Genevieve Bujold.” Box Office Mojo. April 13, 2007. http://boxofficemojo.com/features/?id=2290&p=.htm (accessed February 17, 2012).

Hough, Andrew. “BBC period show, The Tudors, is ‘historically inaccurate’, leading historian says.” The Telegraph. August 10, 2009. http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/6005582/BBC-period-show-The-Tudors-is-historically-inaccurate-leading-historian-says.html (accessed January 15, 2012).

House M.D. Directed by Greg Yaitanes, et al. Performed by Hugh Laurie, Omar Epps, and Robert Sean Leonard. 2004-2012.

Hull, Liz, and Dalya Alberge. “Anne Boleyn DID have an affair with her brother: The poem that ‘proves’ the adultery of Henry VIII’s queen.” Mail Online. February 23, 2010. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-1252993/Poem-backs-claims-Anne-Boleyn-lovers–brother.html (accessed March 25, 2012).

Hunter, Jane H. How Young Ladies Became Girls: The Victorian Origins of American Girlhood. New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002.

Hutchinson, Robert. Thomas Cromwell: The Rise and Fall of Henry VIII’s most Notorious Minister. New York: St. Martin’s Press, 2007.

—. Young Henry: The Rise of Henry VIII. London: Weidenfeld & Nicholson, 2011.

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Wyatt, Thomas. “Of the Courtier’s Life.” In The Poetical Works of Sir Thomas Wyatt With Memoir and Critical Dissertation by the Rev. George Gilfillan, by Thomas Wyatt. Edinburgh: James Nichol, 1858.

Wyatt, Thomas. “The Love Describeth His Being Stricken With Sight of His Love.” In The Poetical Works of Sir Thomas Wyatt With Memori and Critical Dissertation by the Rev. George Gilfillan, by Thomas Wyatt. Edinburgh: James Nichol, 1858.

The X-Files. Directed by et al Kim Manners. Performed by Gillian Anderson, and Mitch Pileggi David Duchovny. 1993-2002.

Yankee Doodle Dandy. Directed by Michael Curtiz. Performed by Joan Leslie, Walter Huston James Cagney. 1942.

Zupanec, Sywia Sobczak. Interview by author, email, Lexington, Ky., 24 October 2011.

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Labor Pains

In my writing space

I’ve never actually given birth (my daughter is adopted) but from what I’ve heard and read, there are some similarities to writing a book—which I have done.  Of course, there are many huge differences. Discounting cramped hands and a neck and shoulders locked in “flight or fight” position despite ergonomic equipment and regular massages, giving birth to a book doesn’t usually bring much in the way of physical pain.  And true, your book, once delivered, doesn’t require regular diaper changes, and won’t eventually cast withering glances at you when you do something uncool. But just like a child,    your book only truly belongs to you so long as it is not yet in the world.  Once it has left your body, after a long process of struggle and labor during which you have alternatively cursed and cried and, perhaps, required some numbing anesthesia (pimento cheese and “Dance Moms” worked best for me), your literary baby is no longer yours to dream about.  What will she look like?  What will her future be?  Will others embrace her warmly or handle her roughly?  Will others love her the way that I do?  The time for fantasy is over.  Like a real baby, your literary child has become a separate being and will have a life of its own—a life that you cannot bend to your will, no matter how hard you try.

Of course, the timetables for gestation and early infant development are hugely different. The Creation of Anne Boleyn took six years for the DNA to become fully formed flesh, and the birth itself is taking over a year.  Of course, this is because I’m doing it the old-fashioned way—with a press rather than a home-birth and straight to an e-book—and like other methods of birthing, may eventually become obsolete.  I hope not—for reasons that I’ll save for an editorial some day.  But the old-fashioned way certainly requires patience!!  You may be told, mid-way through the pregnancy, that you need more exercise (my original editor, an inspired midwife, packed me off to England to do interviews.) You may think you are about to give birth several times, only to be sent back home and told it was a false labor.  During the last stages, you are cranky and temperamental, you eat too much, you cry easily, you get into fights with your loved ones.  And finally, when the baby emerges—at first only seen by those close to you–she is still a mess, covered with your blood and requiring a good clean up before she can go out in public.

And then, even though she is all tidy, you have to wait a long time before you can present her to the world.  And there’s still so much work to do!!! Permissions to obtain, author questionnaires to fill out, proposed outfits (covers) to decide among, and birth announcements (blurbs) to be arranged (a process during which you try not to think about how many such requests you have turned down yourself).  And then there will be copy-editing (largely a matter of making sure the child learns to speak in grammatical sentences) which can be tedious and contentious if you are attached to your own odd ways of putting things.  Page proofs!! Public Relations!  What to do when the rights to the illustration you really, really want can’t be obtained!  Decisions about this, decisions about that.  And most difficult: continuing about your business while you wait…. and wait…. and wait.

It’s the waiting—where I am at now, with a March 2013 pub date–that’s the killer.  As when you are expecting a baby (or awaiting an adoption, as I was when Cassie was born), it’s hard to think about anything else, or DO anything else.  This stupendous event is on the horizon, and they expect you to continue to go to work? To have normal social interchange (i.e. not about your baby/book) with friends?  To brush your teeth, take a shower, get dressed occasionally? And worst of all, to WRITE ANYTHING ELSE? I don’t wanna!!! I can’t!!!! I won’t!!! And so, the articles that I am committed to write stare at me accusingly, glowering in their pre-conception state: “So you think now that this baby is coming, we can just be ignored?”

My daughter, Cassie

I’m struggling to concentrate on anything except my two babies: the book one and the human one (now thirteen) to whom I remain faithful.  She will always be more important.  As for my husband, he’s fine with my state of distraction; the Tour de France is on the television.

And, as with many pregnancies, although just a few months ago I couldn’t imagine ever going through this again, the idea for my next book is already beginning to gestate.  She’s just a little bubble of thought at this point, a “hmmmm…” more than a plan.  Even so, it startles me to think that I actually am imagining bringing another book into being.

Socrates/Plato believed that some of us get pregnant in body, and others in mind.  The ancient duality is false, of course, for pregnancy is not mindless and many women manage, quite successfully, to birth both kinds of babies.  I once mourned the fact that I was not able to be one of them.  Not anymore.  I have my wonderful Cassie, and a new book baby soon to jump out of my arms and into the world.  May the world treat both of them warmly!!

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